Oregano Seeds – Origanum Vulgare – 10 Grams/0.35 Oz Pack
Oreganica, or Oregano - a species of perennial herbaceous plants of the genus Lamiaceae of the family. The species is common in Europe and the Mediterranean. It grows everywhere in glades, fringes, among bushes, in dry open grassy places, along the slopes of hills. In the USA, France and some other countries, oregano is cultivated. The height of the plants reaches 50-70 cm. The rhizome is branched, often creeping. The stem is tetrahedral, erect, softly pubescent, branched at the top. Leaves opposite petiolate, whole-edge, pointed at the apex, darkly dark below, grayish-green below, 1-4 cm long. Flowers small, numerous, collected in corymbose-paniculate inflorescence. Corolla is two-lipped of five petals, which, growing together, form a corolla tube and a two-lip bend. The upper lip is made of two petals, the lower lip is made of three. Therefore, in the flower formula is indicated (2/3), that is, 2 - at the top, 3 - at the bottom. Blooms in June - July, starting from the second year of life. Seeds ripen in August. Biological features. Plants are undemanding to the soil, but on heavy clayey and acidic soils they grow poorly. Prefers open areas. It's a good winter. Grapefruit oregano is used in the composition of breast, sudorific, carminative fees for colds and other diseases of the respiratory system as an anti-inflammatory and expectorant. Essential oil from grass is used as an external remedy for toothache, in Indian medicine - a stimulant and strengthening agent. Oregano is used for intestinal atony (intensifies peristalsis), spasms in the stomach, gastritis, liver inflammation, jaundice, insomnia, nervous disorders, whooping cough, and also as an expectorant. Leaves and flowers are added to the baths with scrofula, rashes. In folk medicine, oregano grass is used for rheumatism, paralysis, epilepsy, pain in the intestines, amenorrhea, as well as a diaphoretic and diuretic. In homeopathy, the plant is recommended for hypertension and atherosclerosis. In the perfume and cosmetics industry, essential oil of oregano is used for aromatization of toilet soap, colognes, toothpastes and lipsticks. Oregano is a good nectarone. Dried herb oregano is used in beekeeping to combat wax moth and ants. Decorative plant. Essential oil is used in the production of liqueurs and liquors, in brewing. The flowers color the wool into an orange-red color. The plant is a part of spicy mixtures for pates, fillings from liver or meat, home-made sausages. Oregano is added to fried, stewed and baked meat, sauces and gravies. In Italian cuisine, it is flavored with pizza. In some European countries with mushrooms, they prepare dishes from champignons, characterized by a delicate taste and aroma. In Byelorussia, in the Caucasus, oregano is added when pickling cucumbers and mushrooms. In Siberia, with her prepare an aromatic filling for pies, which is mixed with cottage cheese, meat, eggs. Oregano is well combined with many spices, but especially with black pepper, basil, rosemary, marjoram. In Russian cuisine, oregano is used for brewing tea. Agrotechnics. Oregano reproduces by seeds or by dividing the bush. Seeds are sown in autumn or early spring in cold hotbeds or ridges. The rate of seed sowing when growing seedlings is 100 g / ha. On a permanent site seedlings are planted in autumn or early spring in a wide-row way with a feeding area of 70 x 40 cm. The seeding rate when sowing seeds in open ground is 2 kg / ha. The seeding depth is 1-1.5 cm. Oregano is placed in a tapered wedge. After harvesting the precursors, the soil is plowed and plowed to a depth of 25-27 cm. Manure is applied to plowing - 20-25 t / ha, superphosphate - 300 kg / ha, potassium salt - 150 kg / ha. Before sowing the soil is harrowed and cultivated. The soil must be in a loose and clean condition from weeds. For this, inter-row cultivation and loosening of the soil in rows are periodically performed. The first interrow cultivation is done in the early spring at the beginning of the growing season, the subsequent interlacing is carried out as necessary and always after the cut.Under the first spring cultivation and for cultivation after the cut, mineral fertilizers are introduced. With a lack of moisture, the plantation is watered. Especially effective is post-irrigation watering, which contributes to a more amicable growth of the aerial part of the plant. As a medicinal raw material, the common grapefruit herb is used. Oregano is removed during the mass flowering, starting from the second year of vegetation. The larvae are cut off at an altitude of 15-20 cm from the soil surface so that the minimum amount of stems is in the collected green mass. For the production of essential oil, the aboveground mass is processed by a hydrodistillation method immediately after harvesting, and for the preparation of raw materials as spices, dried under a canopy, in attics, in well-ventilated rooms or in a dryer at a temperature of no more than 30-40 ° C. The yield of green mass in the second year of vegetation is 4-5 t / ha, in subsequent years up to 20-30 t / ha. With an average yield of an essential oil of 0.26%, the oregano harvest is 10-13 kg / ha per year of the first harvest and 50-65 kg / ha in the next three to four years. Then the yield drops sharply and the plantation is laid in a new place.